Complete Exercises And Summary of Communication

This article contains the exercises of unit 2 of the English chapter “Communication”. Communication– All Exercise Solved, Class -11, New Course – 2079


  • This article ‘Freewriting’ is written by Peter Elbow.
  • He is a well-known American professor of English at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  • He is one of the pioneers of freewriting.
  • The purpose of the article “Freewriting” is to give instructions for better writing.
  • In this article, the author teaches the reader that freewriting is the simplest method to start writing an essay.
  • He elaborates this idea by telling the reader to continue writing without stopping for an extended amount of time and speed.
  • He argues most writers constantly try to correct their grammar and spelling during the writing process.
  • This habits derives for the author from schooling, since then many are “obsessed” with their mistakes.
  • This is a problem as learners getting nervous and jumpy if they concentrate all the time on their mistake
  • The only way to improve writing is to do freewriting exercises regularly, at least three times a week.
  • Sometimes, we call freewriting as “automatic writing”
  • Automatic writing = (“babbling,” or “jabbering”)
  • Automatic writing is the process or product of writing without using the conscious mind.
  • According to writer, Never stop to look back, to cross something out, to wonder how to spell something, to wonder what word or thought to use, or to think about what you are doing.
  • If you can’t think of a word or a spelling, just use a squiggle or else write, “I can’t think of the word”.
  • According to writer, free writing should not be evaluated, there must be no discussion or comment at all because it is just for the practice.
  • He says that, the only requirement of freewriting is that never stop.
  • Repeated mistakes while writing, can make you discourage so, not being discourages. Peter elbow suggests that freewriting should not be evaluated.
  • He differences between speaking and writing
  • writing = can edit speaking = cannot edit
  • He differences between speaking and writing. so, not being discourages. Peter elbow suggests that freewriting should not be evaluated.
  • Editing, in itself is not the problem. Editing is usually necessary if we want to end up with something satisfactory. The problem is that editing goes on at the same time as producing.
  • On the contrary, when somebody is speaking he/she has no time for editing at all. Because he/she has to speak fluently.
  • The main source of power of writing such as; a sound, a texture, a rhythm, a voice. But, voice of your writing is damped by all the interruptions.
  • For good writing people have to transform the voice into words and that would be practiced with free writing.
  • So, you should not stop while writing. Generate your words, ideas, thought (whatever comes in your mind)
  • He concludes that “Freewriting are vacuum into which we will gradually transform our voice, force, connectedness from our regular writing.


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