Lesson - 4 Provinces of Nepal | Class 10 Social Studies

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Lesson – 4

Provinces of Nepal

Very Short Answer Questions

1.    In which province ,there is more agricultural land ?How can it contribute for the development?

Ans: In province no. 1, there is more agricultural land. It can contribute to developing agro-based industries which can improve the living standard of people, employment opportunities, and export trade.


2.    In which province, there is more land covered with snow? How can it contribute for the development?

Ans: In province no. 4, there is more land covered with snow. It can contribute to tourism development and earning foreign currency.


3. Which province has less area for grassland? What effects does this kind of land have in the development? Write.

Ans: The province that has less area for grassland in province no. 2. This kind of land has the possibility for industry, agriculture, and trade. Therefore, instead of

animal husbandry. other alternative activities can be run to develop this province.


3.    Which province has less area of forest? What can be its alternative?

Ans Province no. 2 has less area of forest. Its alternatives can be the use of an alternative source of energy, construction material, implement an afforestation program, development tourism, etc.


Short Answer Questions


1.    Which province has less number of industries? Mention the possibility of development in that province? Prepare a list of suggestions.

Ans– Province no. 6 has less number of industries. The possibility for development are :

Ø Emphasis should be given to cultivating cash and fruits crops.

Ø Hydroelectricity can be generated. Tourism development and publicity of important places.

Ø Collection and procession of medicinal herbs.

Ø Commercialization of food production.

Ø Cottage industry can be run.

A list of suggestions are :

Ø Hydropower and electricity can be generated from the rivers like Bheri, Karnali, etc.

Ø Government should focus on tourism development.

Ø Advanced educational institutions should be established.

Ø Establishment of industries based on local means and resources.

Ø Conduct animal husbandry profession as there is enough grassland.

Ø Priority for the establishment of cottage industries.

Ø Employment opportunities should be provided to all youths.

Ø Mines should be excavated.


2.    List the problems and challenges in the development of province no. 6 and suggest the ways to solve them.

Ans The problems and challenges in the development of province no. 6 are :

Ø Various social problems and evils are still in practice.

Ø The literacy rate is comparatively low.

Ø People are not conscious of health so frequently different epidemics cause the death

Ø Geographic complexity too makes it difficult for the development of province no. 6.

The ways to solve them are :

Ø Social problems and evils should be eradicated.

Ø Education and literacy rates should be increased.

Ø Awareness programs with special emphasis on health-related issues should be conducted regularly.

Ø As there is a potential spot for tourist destinations, the government should emphasize tourism development.

Ø Hydroelectricity project should be constructed because there is high potentiality in hydropower.


3.    Compare the possibilities of development between province no. 2 and Sudurpashchim province in four points.

Ans Following are the possibility of province no. 2 and Sudurpashchim province :

Province no. 2

Sudurpashchim Province

Commercial agriculture due to plain and fertile land.

Tourism development as there is diversity in landform and culture.

Industries based on agriculture.

Agriculture in terai due to fertile soil.

Possibility of import and export trade.

Possibility of hydropower production.

Possibility of cultural tourism.

Trade of medicinal herbs.



4.    Prepare an article on the topic "Population and geography can be boon for development" covering the context of your province.


The Kathmandu Post

Population and Geography can be boon for development

Geography is an invaluable gift of nature. It contains land structure or topography, vegetation, climate, mineral resources, etc. Such natural properties can be utilized for the physical and social development of the country. For the utilization of these resources, several types of human resources are needed. There must be a pleasant balance and relationship between geography and population. If the natural resources are overexploited by the people, it has a negative impact on human existence. If the natural resources and geographical phenomenon are well utilized. We can drive the protection of the natural resource and human development of natural resources and human development in a sustainable manner.

As I am an inhabitant of province no. 3. Here is a great possibility of development by utilizing and mobilizing the available geographical and natural features. My province is rich in natural beauty, water resources, mineral resources, etc. Along with this, there is sufficient availability of skilled, semi-skilled, unskilled, and technical manpower too. This manpower can promote the tourism industry, industry based on mineral resources, hydropower production, etc. The responsibility to utilize the natural resources and to develop the country depends on the population. So, there should not be the misuse of resources and cordial relations should be maintained between geography and population.

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